US election 2020: 'Rigged' votes, body doubles and other false claims

Image showing a newspaper cutting saying "voter fraud" and a US flag with 2020 presidential election written on itSymbol copyright
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Within the ultimate weeks of the USA election marketing campaign all method of false and deceptive issues are being shared on social media.

Listed here are one of the most up-to-date – and false – claims.

Postal votes

The Trump marketing campaign has incessantly claimed, with out proof, that larger postal vote casting (“mail-in” is the American time period) because of the pandemic will result in super fraud.

If truth be told, electoral fraud is extremely uncommon.

Closing week, President Trump urged 50,000 folks in Ohio getting faulty absentee ballots was once proof of a “rigged election”.

He repeated the instance at a town-hall match on Thursday, when the moderator put it to him that the director of the FBI says there is not any proof of popular fraud.

The elections board in Franklin County, Ohio, mentioned the poll error was once a “severe mistake” however in its reaction to the president’s tweet, it added: “Our board is bipartisan and our elections are honest. And each and every vote might be counted.”

The mistake got here thru a generation malfunction – a high-speed scanner stopped operating – that intended a piece of greater than 250,000 absentee ballots, for the ones no longer vote casting in particular person of their state, despatched out have been misguided.

Everybody affected now has the right kind voter slip, the elections forums mentioned, and there are more than a few safeguards in position to verify nobody votes two times.

“Dumped” ballots

In September, photos of poll envelopes in California have been shared hundreds of instances on Fb at the side of additional unsubstantiated claims of “vote rigging”.

The reputable County of Sonoma Fb web page revealed a remark addressing the claims. “The images are of outdated empty envelopes from the November 2018 election that have been disposed of as allowed by way of legislation,” they mentioned.

The county’s ballots for this yr’s presidential election had no longer but been despatched out to citizens when the images have been shared.

A large number of nationwide and state-level research display that voter fraud is extremely uncommon in the USA.

There were remoted circumstances of postal-ballot fraud and the FBI is these days investigating a case of 9 army ballots that have been discarded in Pennsylvania.

However Ellen Weintraub, commissioner of the Federal Election Fee, which oversees marketing campaign spending regulations, has mentioned: “There may be merely no foundation for the conspiracy concept that vote casting by way of mail reasons fraud.”

  • Do postal ballots result in vote casting fraud?
  • Find out how to spot election disinformation

Marketing campaign commercials and assault movies

Deceptive movies and ads vilifying combatants, spinning details and exaggerating the reality are after all not unusual all through election campaigns – and this one has been no other.

Donald Trump Jr posted a video that includes an interview with Joe Biden replying affirmatively – the usage of the phrase “bingo” – when requested about gun regulate.

However the true query was once no longer a couple of wholesale ban on weapons, however relatively on one explicit kind – attack guns. Mr Biden does certainly fortify a ban at the manufacture and sale of the ones high-powered guns, and proposes that house owners will both have the ability to promote them again to the federal government or sign in them.

The clip and Mr Trump Jr’s tweet dropped this type of nuance, alternatively.

A Democratic Birthday party-supporting Twitter account revealed its personal video at the factor. Regarding the president’s supporters, it claimed: “Howdy MAGA, Trump is coming on your weapons”. Connected was once a clip from a press convention wherein the president says: “Take the firearms first after which move to court docket”.

However right here the president was once relating to a coverage of putting off guns from the arms of probably bad folks.

Misleadingly edited movies had been a habitual function of the marketing campaign.

This week, a Trump marketing campaign advert was once edited to make it appear to be Dr Anthony Fauci, one of the vital leaders of the White Area coronavirus activity drive, was once praising the president. In fact, Dr Fauci was once speaking about his personal reaction to the pandemic.

  • Trump centered in deceptive puddle video

We’ve got additionally noticed marketing campaign ads on Fb push misguided claims.

A common falsehood comprises allegations that the president known as coronavirus a “hoax”. An advert noticed a couple of hundred thousand instances on Fb this week and promoted by way of “Colour Of Exchange PAC” – a “political motion committee” become independent from the political events – comprises the false declare.

Whilst he has every now and then made wildly unscientific statements, President Trump did indirectly name coronavirus a hoax. The hearsay turns out to stem from a speech he gave previous within the yr, wherein he known as the Democratic Birthday party’s response to his dealing with of the pandemic “their new hoax”.

Following the primary presidential debate, the Trump marketing campaign posted commercials selling a false declare that Joe Biden wore an earpiece.

Additional commercials falsely claimed Mr Biden have been the usage of a teleprompter in TV interviews.

Conspiracy theories

Tweets producing hundreds of stocks in fresh days promoted a unusual conspiracy concept, claiming to expose secret details about the seize and loss of life of Osama Bin Encumbered – an concept that was once amplified by way of the president himself.

A piece of writing reporting those unfounded claims sooner or later entered the mainstream dialog after President Trump retweeted it.

The “whistleblower” within the tale claims to have data to end up “frame double” of Osama Bin Encumbered was once killed by way of American troops in Pakistan, relatively than the actual Al Qaeda chief.

The item went even additional, with the interviewee accusing Joe Biden of orchestrating a cover-up and the taking pictures down of a US helicopter in Afghanistan in 2011. They supplied no proof to fortify the claims.

The accusations induced fury from a member of the elite Army Seal unit who took section within the venture. He utterly rejected the speculation, telling CNN it was once “trampling at the graves of one of the highest heroes I’ve ever in my view labored with”.

The creator of the item retweeted by way of the president admitted on Twitter: “I haven’t any evidence that the Whistleblower’s claims are true.”

At Thursday’s town-hall match the president was once requested about his resolution to retweet the doubtful article, and spoke back: “I’m going to put it available in the market – folks can make a decision for themselves.”

Mr Trump has promoted conspiracy theories prior to now and likewise become the topic of a few when he stuck coronavirus.

One in particular far-fetched concept shared on Fb and Reddit this week claimed that Mr Trump has been changed by way of a clone.

A collage of pictures entitled “The actual Donald Trump by no means left sanatorium” contrasted pictures of Donald Trump prior to and after his keep in sanatorium, labelling him a “new-born clone”.

Even though some folks obviously shared the publish as a shaggy dog story, different feedback urged the theory was once taken severely by way of some.

The president has been noticed in public a couple of instances since his unencumber from sanatorium, and there is not any proof to fortify the wild concept.

This is not the primary time a sitting president has been accused of being changed by way of a clone all through an election marketing campaign.

In 2018 a viral hearsay that Nigeria’s President Buhari have been changed by way of a frame double become so popular that the president himself spoke back, announcing: “It is the actual me, I guarantee you”.

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