Home / Tech News / Full text: T Bone Burnett rips Big Tech “surveillance capitalists” in blistering SXSW keynote

Full text: T Bone Burnett rips Big Tech “surveillance capitalists” in blistering SXSW keynote

I’m going to start nowadays with a quote from Marshall McLuhan from his 1962guide, The Gutenberg Galaxy:

“As an alternative of tending towards an unlimited Alexandrian library the arena has transform a pc, an digital mind, precisely as an childish piece of science fiction. And as our senses have long past out of doors us, Giant Brother is going within.”

I want to come to you nowadays with a message of team spirit and love and peace, and I will be able to attempt to get there by way of the tip, however I’ve to start by way of mentioning a undeniable fact that will have to be turning into obtrusive to the general public by way of now- the truth that we’re in a combat, a combat for the survival of our species, and our enemy, is inside.

3 weeks in the past in a landmark document on disinformation and faux information, the British parliament stated that Fb and different giant tech firms “will have to be topic to a mandatory code of ethics to take on … the abuse of customers’ information and the bullying of smaller corporations.”

The document says, “Corporations like Fb will have to now not be allowed to act like ‘virtual gangsters’ within the on-line international, making an allowance for themselves to be forward of and past the legislation.”

The Mother or father wrote that that is the primary “complete try of a significant legislative frame to see into the … economic system of information manipulation and voter affect.”

Damian Collins, chair of the parliament’s Virtual, Tradition, Media and Game Committee stated, “The guideline of the ‘transfer speedy and destroy issues’ tradition [is] that it’s higher to make an apology than ask permission. We want an intensive shift within the stability of energy between the platforms and the folk.”

In The New Yorker’s February 25, 2019 document titled Personal Mossad for Rent, Uzi Shaya, a former senior Israeli intelligence officer, stated, “Social media means that you can succeed in just about someone and to play with their minds. You’ll do no matter you need. You’ll be whoever you need. It’s a spot the place wars are fought, elections are received, and terror is promoted. There are not any rules. This is a no guy’s land.”

Marshall McLuhan started his paintings as a follower of the French Catholic idealist thinker, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. Teilhard believed that the digital universe used to be an extension of our apprehensive techniques and would knit us in combination right into a godhead, which he referred to as “the Omega Level”. McLuhan, additionally a Catholic, began there, however by way of the tip of his existence, he believed that the digital universe used to be a “blatant manifestation of the Antichrist”. Devil, he stated, “is an excessively nice electrical engineer.”

The Web has failed.

Here’s a quote from Tim Berners-Lee, who drew the unique diagram for the all over the world internet on a serviette, and who now has Dr. Frankenstein’s regret.

“We demonstrated that the Internet had failed as an alternative of served humanity, because it used to be intended to have performed, and failed in lots of puts. [The Web] has ended up generating—without a planned motion of the individuals who designed the platform—a large-scale emergent phenomenon which is anti-human.”

Because the Web pioneer Ethan Zuckerman of MIT not too long ago wrote, “It’s obtrusive now that what we did used to be a fiasco, so let me remind you that what we needed to do used to be one thing courageous and noble.”  What they sought after to do used to be to create a verbal exchange machine that used to be decentralized and cooperative. Some of the early networks that Stewart Emblem and Ken Kesey constructed used to be referred to as the Complete Earth Lectronic Hyperlink. That’s how utopian their aspirations have been. However nowadays there’s a rising figuring out that the web has morphed into an insidious surveillance and propaganda device.

Berners-Lee has stated he’s “devastated” by way of what his introduction has transform, and he’s operating to “re-decentralize” the internet with a brand new assignment he calls Forged. I sincerely want him the most efficient of good fortune, however from the place I stand, we’d do smartly to scrap this primary web project- we will have to get a divorce those promoting platform monopolies, and we will have to get started from scratch to construct an digital communications machine based on onerous and speedy ethics fairly than utopian fantasies.

(Thomas Extra coined the phrase Utopia from two Greek words- eutopia, which intended a just right position and outopia, which intended no position in any respect.)

Via now, it’s transparent that what used to be begun as a venture to attach and unite mankind has mutated right into a pernicious distortion device that has disconnected mankind and put us at each and every different’s throats, and in doing so has destroyed and is destroying establishments and data that experience taken centuries to expand.

As my pal Roger McNamee says, at this level it’s all of the remainder of us in opposition to the 130,000 or so staff of Fb and Google, whose purpose it’s to hybridize us with machines. Ray Kurzweil, Google’s Director of Engineering, predicts that people can be hybrids by way of the yr 2030.  Their purpose is to automate us.

To start with of the ultimate century, Sigmund Freud’s nephew, Edward Bernays, discovered that he may use his uncle’s concepts- such because the figuring out that we’re pushed to behave by way of subconscious impulses- to keep watch over and manipulate mass tradition.

In the beginning of the primary international warfare, Bernays used to be the clicking agent for Enrico Caruso, plying the business that used to be then referred to as propaganda. He had run many a hit campaigns, and as the US entered the warfare, he labored for Woodrow Wilson to advertise the speculation the we have been combating to not repair the previous empires of Europe, however fairly to “Make the arena protected for democracy.” Via positioning Wilson because the “Liberator of the folk, who would create a brand new international have been the person could be loose”, he used to be ready to make Wilson a hero of the hundreds.

The throngs that greeted Wilson upon his arrival on the Paris Peace talks gave Bernays the perception that if this type of mass manipulation might be used right through warfare, it might be used right through peace.

After the warfare, with the Germans giving propaganda a foul title, Bernays rebranded his follow, opening the Council on Public Family members- a word he coined- and started operating for more than a few firms together with the American Tobacco Company. On the time there used to be a taboo in opposition to girls smoking and Bernays used to be requested to wreck that taboo in order that the corporate may promote extra cigarettes.

All the way through the 1929 Easter parade round Central Park in New York, Bernays organized for a bunch of debutantes to cover cigarettes underneath their garments and, at an organized nook, pull out and lightweight what he referred to as “Torches of Freedom”. Having notified the world press of the development, there have been rankings of photographers- together with ones employed by way of Bernays- at that nook, and the images went out far and wide the arena. In that one symbolic act, he used to be ready to hyperlink a lady’s proper to smoke with a lady’s proper to vote- with the Girls’s Liberation Motion. He related a lady smoking a cigarette with the Statue of Liberty. The ones photos snappedthe international.
This devious procedure has now been mechanized and automatic.
Till England not too long ago joined the fray, Germany were main the arena at the excessive risks of the Fb and Google monopolies, as a result of Germany within the 1920’s, used to be the primary nation to fall right into a propaganda created mass hypnosis. The Germans have felt it.
Historian Robert Ensor wrote on the time that “Hitler places no prohibit on what may also be performed by way of propaganda; humans will imagine anything else, supplied they’re informed it steadily sufficient and emphatically sufficient, and that contradicters are both silenced or smothered in calumny.”

This, in fact, is all too acquainted.

To stick human, to live on as a species, we need to wrest our communications out of the keep watch over of the lust for energy, the avarice, larceny, hubris, deceit and self-delusion of the heads of Google and Fb.

I’m assured that we will be able to do that. Six years in the past my pal Jon Taplin, and I spoke at a convention at MIT. We led to a large number of bother on account of our statement that musicians have the best to decide how and the place their song is shipped. The Unfastened Tradition sect used to be in ascendance on campuses then, however issues have modified.

The chronicle of reform actions demonstrates that historical past is made by way of abrupt transitions. The 1890’s are remembered because the Gilded Age, the place plutocrats like J. P. Morgan and John D. Rockefeller asserted keep watch over over the U.S. economic system and politics. Via 1906, each Rockefeller and Morgan have been being pressured by way of antitrust regulators to get a divorce their huge holdings. After I gave the keynote deal with on the Americana Track Competition addressing the issue of the tech monopolies within the fall of 2016, I assumed we have been in 1896, now not 1906.

However nowadays, simply 3 years later, we’re, actually, initially of a profound alternate in how we view tech monopolies. Since that point, the German led Ecu Union has fined Google 7.7 billion dollars- American- the most important anti-trust fines in history- for abusing its seek monopoly, the British parliament has picked up the torch, and there may be expanding proof that American politicians and regulators are open to new legislation of those tech monopolies. Throughout the subsequent six months the FCC will more than likely effective Fb billions of greenbacks for the Cambridge Analytica breach. That is partially for the reason that mounting proof of the harmful function that each Fb and Google performed within the American election of 2016 proved to be one of the most number one reasons of Particular person

One’s so referred to as victory.

However the disaster Fb and Google have created is going means past the election. Now we have come to the conclusion that we’ve got entrusted them with our maximum intimate information, and that they don’t seem to be worthy of that believe. They have got betrayed our believe by way of engineering their platforms to be addictive, and by way of making monumental fortunes selling- monetizing “within the parlance of our instances”, to cite Maude Lebowski- surreptitiously promoting the ones information that we’ve got unknowingly passed over to them at no cost, for not anything.

Stewart Emblem is steadily quoted as pronouncing. “Data desires to be loose.” The opposite part of the citation, at all times ignored by way of the Unfastened Tradition sect is, “Data desires to be pricey, as it’s so treasured. The suitable knowledge in the best position adjustments your existence.”

I’ve come right here nowadays to this proper position to convey you a proper piece of knowledge.

Your knowledge is terribly treasured.

To comprehend that, all you need to do is have a look at the valuations of the corporations which were confiscating your knowledge and making huge fortunes with out repayment to you, the homeowners of that knowledge, firms that experience as an alternative manipulated you and your pals and households by way of that knowledge.

If we seek the web we discover that Fb is price someplace round 475 billion .   Google is price about 785 billion, give or take a couple of billion- in combination, a few trillion and 1 / 4 .
This- and far, a lot more- is what your collective knowledge is price. Actually, there’s no approach to put a financial price on one thing comparable to privateness for which the intrinsic price is immeasurable.

Mark Zuckerberg tells us the age of privateness is over. At Harvard, he began what used to be then referred to as Facemash as a spot to price women by way of their pictures- which were stolen from scholar housing directories- women who have been, I’m sure, delighted to be rated by way of the Ivy League incel neighborhood. Right here is a part of a textual content dialog between him and certainly one of his pals outlining how he used to be making plans to care for his pageant, the web site Harvard Attach:

FRIEND: so have you made a decision what you’re going to do about the internet sites?

ZUCK: yea i’m going to fuck them

ZUCK: more than likely within the yr

ZUCK: *ear

ZUCK: yea so if you happen to ever want data about someone at harvard

ZUCK: simply ask

ZUCK: i’ve over 4000 emails, photos, addresses, sns

FRIEND: what!? how’d you organize that one?

ZUCK: humans simply submitted it

ZUCK: i don’t know why

ZUCK: they “believe me”

ZUCK: dumb fucks

Having been uncovered, he now claims to have grown and altered, however by way of now now we have profound proof that he has now not, and actually, his lust for energy has made him worse, has made him right into a James Bond villain.
He could also be Zuckerberg, however make no mistake- you’re the mark.

The Fourth Modification to the Charter of the US asserts that the best of the folk to be protected of their individuals, homes, papers, and results, in opposition to unreasonable searches and seizures, shall now not be violated.  Neatly, unreasonable searches and seizures are Google and

Fb’s trade fashions.

There are rules in opposition to telephone tapping, but on the web, all communications are tapped, always, with impunity.

This has been an epic invasion of privateness.

Whilst he buys up all of the homes round his area to give protection to his privateness, neither he nor any of the opposite one dimensional Randian highbrow lightweights in Silicon Valley will get to claim that the age of privateness is over.
It’s time for him and them to get out of our lives, out of our personal lives, out of our not unusual existence.

Theirs is a elementary miscalculation. They don’t know the adaptation between connection and disconnection. They don’t know the adaptation between knowledge and disinformation. They don’t know the adaptation between introduction and destruction.

Data does now not need anything else. We wish knowledge.

However because the tech firms have made huge fortunes promoting our knowledge, they have got hidden from us the the most important knowledge we wish to live on as a species.

Those technologists lack humanity.

This period- an generation marked by way of a brand new box of economics referred to as Surveillance Capitalism- has been an international revenge of the nerds.

For the ones to whom surveillance capitalism is a brand new time period, this is Shoshana Zuboff’s definition of that time period from her mighty guide, The Age of Surveillance Capitalism:

1. A brand new financial order that says human revel in as loose subject material for hidden industrial practices of extraction, prediction, and gross sales;
2. A parasitic financial common sense wherein the manufacturing of products and services and products is subordinated to a brand new international structure of behavioral amendment;
three. A rogue mutation of capitalism marked by way of concentrations of wealth, wisdom, and gear unparalleled in human historical past;
eight. An extrapolation of important human rights this is absolute best understood as a coup from above: an overthrow of the folk’s sovereignty.

The purpose of generation is to create potency.

The purpose of artwork is to create judgment of right and wrong.

Artwork isn’t environment friendly.

Potency isn’t an characteristic of the great.

Potency may also be environment friendly for just right or evil, however because it has labored out in follow, potency would appear to be a main characteristic of evil.

With out judgment of right and wrong, potency has the potential of apocalyptic evil.

Those surveillance capitalists do not need the moral basis so that you can order society as they have got presumed to do.

They lack judgment of right and wrong.

I will be able to stick with the artists. Artists comprise the amassed wisdom of generations. Artists create judgment of right and wrong. The artists are our simplest hope.
The sciences have failed us. The church buildings have failed us. The politicians have failed us.

I’m right here nowadays to strongly inspire all of you artists not to give in to the extraordinary intimidation of a tragic staff of very wealthy, emotionally and intellectually stunted individuals who threaten to break centuries of human revel in and tough received wisdom, who threaten to break our race- the one race now we have, the human race- however as an alternative to rise up for yourselves, to rise up for humanity.

Abraham Lincoln stated, “The usa won’t ever be destroyed from the out of doors. If we falter and lose our freedoms, it is going to be as a result of we destroyed ourselves.” Dr Martin Luther King, Jr stated, “And one of the most nice liabilities of existence is that each one too many of us to find themselves residing amid an excellent length of social alternate, and but they fail to expand the brand new attitudes, the brand new psychological responses, that the brand new state of affairs calls for. They finally end up snoozing thru a revolution.” We will have to ask ourselves, are we snoozing throughout the Surveillance Capitalism Revolution?

Our figuring out of the Web as a propaganda device fairly than just a benign, ever-flowing supply of knowledge modified in 2016. Jacques Ellul outlined propaganda this fashion, “an inside keep watch over over the person by way of a social drive, this means that that it deprives him of himself”.
Please recall to mind this communicate as a prayer that we transform reunited with our selves.

At about the similar time as Bernays used to be fusing his uncle’s inventions with propaganda, the Russian psychologist, Ivan Pavlov, started researching the responses of canine to being fed that resulted in our figuring out of conditioned responses.

If the canine could be fed accompanied by way of the ringing of a bell, quickly the canine would start to salivate simply on the ringing of a bell, if no meals used to be provide.

We also are liable to this type of manipulation.

On social media, the like is the bell ringing.

In 1938, Orson Welles produced a radio play of the HG Wells novel, Battle of the Worlds, which resulted in a countrywide panic that we have been being invaded by way of extraterrestrial beings (from outer house), demonstrating the ability of media to govern the mass subconscious, or to position it extra obviously, to govern lots of humans with out their being mindful they have been being manipulated. With the mechanized, automatic digital programming features of nowadays, we will be able to see how simple it has transform to fabricate- for tens of millions of credulous people- an alien (now not from outer house) invasion.
Rush Limbaugh’s upward push paralleled that of Ronald Reagan. Fox Information used to be introduced in 1996 and used to be in sufficient markets by way of 2000 to assist elect our boy, George Bush. However the hijacking of social media as a propaganda organ is distinctly other from partisan radio and tv.

Our smartphones are with us each and every waking hour, while tv and radio aren’t frequently ingested in our places of work. We test our telephones 150 instances in line with day and fb by myself will get fifty-four mins of our time in line with day.

However giant adjustments will occur if we manner the issue of monopolization of the Web with honesty, a way of historical past, and a resolution to give protection to what all of us agree is essential: our cultural inheritance. All of us want the get right of entry to to knowledge the Web supplies, however we’d like so that you can percentage details about ourselves with our pals with out unwittingly supporting an organization’s income.
Fb and Google will have to be keen to change their trade fashions to give protection to our privateness and assist hundreds of artists create a sustainable tradition for the centuries, now not simply make a couple of tool designers billionaires.

Within the 1998 Virtual Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA §512), the telecom giants, AT&T, Verizon, et al, negotiated a legal responsibility defend for copyright infringement referred to as the Secure Harbor Provision, which stipulated that the virtual platforms weren’t chargeable for the fabric posted on their platforms. This used to be an unwisedecision.

Amongst different critical issues, it allowed YouTube to transform a large infringement device that made tens of billions of greenbacks for its homeowners whilst returning between not anything and a small fraction of that cash, to the homeowners of the fabric posted on their platform.

It additionally resulted in the posting of tens of hundreds of Isis and Ku Klux Klan recruitment movies, in addition to thriving pedophilia communities with untold hundreds of pictures and movies of schoolchildren, amongst different horrors.

The Secure Harbor provision must be amended.   Now.

With out the Secure Harbor provision, those Surveillance Capitalists would have to give protection to and shield their platforms, and in doing so, give protection to and shield us.

If artists are not looking for their paintings on YouTube or Fb at no cost, they will have to be capable to record a takedown realize, after which it might transform the accountability of the platform to dam that content material from ever being uploaded. All of the equipment had to make this occur exist already.
2nd, we wish to reform our privateness rules. The EU is taking the lead in this with their Common Information Privateness Legislation act (GDPR) which went into impact in early 2018. The U.S. will have to practice the Ecu management in this entrance.

However we additionally will have to take into account that the individuals who run Google, Fb, et cetera, are simply initially of an extended assignment to switch our international, so this combat has simplest simply begun. Yuval Noah Harari, creator of Sapiens, calls their assignment Dataism:

“Dataists additional imagine that given sufficient biometric information and computing energy, this all-encompassing machine may perceive people a lot better than we perceive ourselves. As soon as that occurs, people will lose their authority, and humanist practices comparable to democratic elections will transform as out of date as rain dances and flint knives.”

We wish to confront this techno-determinism with actual answers, prior to it’s too overdue. An self sustaining generation has taken over the standard values of all our cultures and rendered the diversities amongst them superficial. This has resulted in disruptions and schisms in the most important portions of our lives- the humanities, schooling, journalism, politics, and others, however maximum alarmingly, in our selves. Marshall McLuhan stated medium surrounds a prior medium and turns the former medium into an artwork shape, as movie did with novels, as tv did with movie, and because the web has now performed with tv.

Throughout the technological advances of the ultimate century, from radio to movie to tv and now to the all over the world internet, now we have transform deft on the treacherous processes of programming and conditioning.

As you understand, programmers make methods, and what they do is known as programming. Lately, now we have methods and programmers in every single place. The place we as soon as had radio programmers and tv methods, billions of humans now are turning themselves into programmers, and- extra significantly- into methods.

As one results of this programming pandemic, we’re shedding the power to discern truth from fiction.

Some other result’s that enormous segments of our societies are topics of mass hypnosis.

I adopt the pursuit of the answers to those issues of optimism, as a result of I imagine within the energy of song, art work, theater, books, and movies- the ability of art- to switch the arena. Because the creator Toni Morrison noticed, “The historical past of artwork, whether or not it’s in song or written or what have you ever, has at all times been bloody, as a result of dictators and humans in place of work and those that wish to keep watch over and lie to know precisely the individuals who will disturb their plans. And the ones individuals are artists. They’re those that sing the reality. And that’s one thing that society has were given to give protection to.” I do know that courageous and passionate artwork is price protective and is extra than simply click on bait for international promoting monopolies. Artwork isn’t knowledge.

Artwork is above knowledge. Artwork adjustments the whole thing.

The ultimate ten years have observed the wholesale destruction of the inventive economic system—reporters, musicians, authors, and filmmakers—wrought by way of parasitic tech monopolies. The monopolies’ dominance in Synthetic Intelligence will lengthen this inventive destruction to a lot of the carrier economic system, together with transportation, medication, and retail.

There isn’t a unmarried baby-kisser in The usa speaking about this and, when the flood of unemployment caused by way of the Synthetic Intelligence revolution is upon us, we can now not be able. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin used to be not too long ago quoted as pronouncing that the robotics and AI revolution would now not arrive for 100 years. He stated, “I feel this is up to now at some point—when it comes to Synthetic Intelligence taking up American jobs—I feel we’re, like, up to now clear of that that it isn’t even on my radar display screen.”
His radar display screen is clean. In reality, he has no radar display screen. This is an imbecilic commentary.

Mnuchin’s former employer, Goldman Sachs, not too long ago reported that self-driving vehicles may do away with 300,000 jobs in line with yr beginning in 2022. Either side of this argument can’t be true, however we’re forging forward with a imaginative and prescient of an AI universe with virtually no political debate. We all know that is true on account of the deafening silence from the politicians within the ultimate ten years, as 50 p.c of the roles in journalism have been eradicated and revenues at each song firms and newspapers fell by way of 70 p.c. Who used to be there to talk for the inventive employees of the arena?

The firms that may win the AI race would be the firms which are already in the leading edge: Google, Fb, and Amazon.  As AI project capitalist Kai-Fu Lee not too long ago wrote, “AI is an business wherein power begets power: The extra information you’ve gotten, the easier your product; the easier your product, the extra information you’ll accumulate; the extra information you’ll accumulate, the extra skill you’ll draw in; the extra skill you’ll draw in, the easier your product.”

Those firms are already pushing out of tech into different sectors of the economic system, as Amazon’s acquisition of Complete Meals demonstrates. Google’s existence sciences department, Verily, is generating glucose-monitoring touch lenses for diabetics, wrist computer systems that learn diagnostic nanoparticles injected into the blood movement, implantable gadgets that adjust electric indicators that cross alongside nerves, medicine robots, human augmentation and human mind simulation gadgets. Google’s self sustaining automotive department is already operating with Avis to regulate their imminent self-driving automotive fleet. As for Fb’s logo extension plans into video, they not too long ago bid $800 million for the global rights to broadcast Indian Cricket on their platform, simplest to be outbid by way of Rupert Murdoch’s Celebrity India. Those are only the start of many tasks to increase the tech giants’ applied sciences into many portions of the American economic system.

We want a communications machine that isn’t depending on surveillance advertising and that permits inventive artists to benefit from the zero-marginal-cost economics of the Internet. I haven’t any phantasm that the prevailing trade buildings of cultural advertising will alternate and/or move away, however we will be able to construct a parallel construction that may get advantages all creators. The one means this may occur is that if, in Peter Thiel’s “fatal race between politics and generation,” the folk’s voice (politics) wins. The leaders of Google and Fb would possibly appear to a few like benevolent plutocrats, however, actually, they’re malevolent and with out ethics. On most sensible of that, the time for plutocracy is over.

Neil Postman wrote, “Those that domesticate competence in the usage of a brand new generation transform an elite staff which are granted undeserved authority and status by way of those that haven’t any such competence.”

Orwell feared that the reality could be hidden from us.

Huxley feared that the reality could be drowned in a sea of irrelevance.

They have been each proper.

We can’t and won’t permit the tyranny of the methods and programmers of those digital philistines to break us.

So, figuring out the lesson of the propagandists that individuals are pushed to behave now not by way of knowledge, however fairly by way of emotion, I pray that this communicate has touched your feelings.

To that finish, I will be able to go away you with two quick poems by way of Czeslaw Milosz, the primary is You Who Wronged.

You who wronged a easy guy
Bursting into laughter on the crime,
And stored a pack of fools round you
To combine just right and evil, to blur the road,
Regardless that everybody bowed down prior to you,
Pronouncing distinctive feature and knowledge lit your means,
Placing gold medals for your honor,
Satisfied to have survived every other day,
Don’t really feel protected. The poet recollects.
You’ll kill one, however every other is born.
The phrases are written down, the deed, the date.
And also you’d have performed higher with a iciness morning time,
A rope, and a department bowed underneath your weight.

Now, I’m going to reprogram you. This is Milosz in a greater temper in his poem, Present.

An afternoon so satisfied.
Fog lifted early, I labored within the lawn.
Hummingbirds have been preventing over honeysuckle plant life.
There used to be no factor on earth I sought after to own.
I knew nobody price envying him.
No matter evil I had suffered, I forgot.
To assume that after I used to be the similar guy didn’t embarrass me.
In my frame I felt no ache.
When straightening up, I noticed the blue sea and sails.
Poetry rings to the top heavens.
We can’t and won’t business artwork, privateness, and our souls for the banal trivia that the surveillance capitalists be offering us.

In 2012, after we first raised those problems at MIT, nobody used to be listening. Now, individuals are paying consideration. We’re advancing to raised floor. However the adventure isn’t completed. As Dr. King stated, “I would possibly not get there with you, however I imagine within the promised land.”

The purpose of artwork is to create judgment of right and wrong.

You’re equivalent to the duty.

Thanks, like to you, and would possibly God bless and stay you at all times.

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